Why Do Worms Live In Soil?

Worms live in soil as it provides them with the habitat they need for their survival.

  • Moisture  Worms need a damp and humid environment to live in. They need moisture to breathe through their skin.
  • Protection –  The soil offers protection from predators and bad weather conditions. 
  • Food – Worms feed on decaying plant material and microorganisms in the soil.
  • Reproduction – Worms lay their eggs in the soil as they need a safe place for various stages of their lifecycle.

How Do Worms Help Plants?

Worms play a crucial role in the healthy growth of plants in several ways.

  • Burrowing and Tunneling – Worms create tunnels in the soil through which water and air can reach the plant roots.
  • Superfood for Plants – Worms eat dead or decaying plant material and convert it into nutrient-rich waste, which helps plants grow.
  • Interact with Microogranisms – Worms interact with microorganisms to break down organic matter and release nutrients plants need.
  • Drainage – Worms help to improve water draining and provide soil stability for plants to grow.

Fun Facts

Here are some fun facts about worms!

  • A worm has no hands, legs, or eyes. It moves by contracting and relaxing its muscles. 
  • There are 2,700 species of earthworms.
  • Baby worms hatch from cocoons smaller than a grain of rice.
  • Worms can sense light and get paralyzed if exposed to sunlight for long periods. 
  • The Australian Gippsland Earthworm grows 12 feet long and can weigh 1.5 pounds.


Let’s quickly recap what we learned about worms:

  • What kind of environment do worms like to live in? Damp and Humid
  • Who do worms eat? Decaying Plant Material and Microorganisms
  • What do worms do to help plant roots get air and water? Create Tunnels
  • How do worms move? By Contracting and Relaxing Muscles
  • How do worms breathe? Through their skin
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